イリタニ コウヘイ
  入谷 康平
   所属   工学部 応用化学科
   職種   助教
言語種別 英語
発行・発表の年月 2021/06
形態種別 学術論文
査読 査読あり
標題 Fabrication of Novel Functional Cell-Plastics Using Polyvinyl Alcohol: Effects of Cross-Linking Structure and Mixing Ratio of Components on the Mechanical and Thermal Properties
執筆形態 共著
掲載誌名 Global Challenges
掲載区分国外
出版社・発行元 Willy
巻・号・頁 2100026
総ページ数 7
著者・共著者 Kohei Iritani, Akihito Nakanishi, Ayami Ota, Takashi Yamashita
概要 The current system of disposal of plastic materials fabricated from petroleum-based resources causes serious environmental pollution. To solve the problem, a bioplastic called “cell-plastic” is developed, in which unicellular green algal cells serve as a fundamental resource. This approach converts CO2 in the atmosphere directly into plastic products by exploiting the photosynthetic-driven proliferation of algal cells. Herein, cell-plastic films are fabricated using biodegradable and water-soluble polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) as a matrix, in which the effects of a cell-to-matrix mixing ratio and the chemical structure of the matrix on the mechanical and thermal properties are investigated. As a method of the chemical structural change, a cross-linking structure is introduced to the matrix by connecting hydroxy groups of PVA using aldehyde. The tensile tests reveal that the PVA-cell-plastic film maintains the mechanical properties of PVA film. Moreover, a cross-linked cell-plastic film exhibits high water absorption, making it suitable as a functional cell-plastic material.